Terra had access to report that points out irregularities in 36% of samples analyzed in 2011 and 29% in 2012
A report from the National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) points out that most fruits and vegetables consumed by Brazilians have high rates of pesticide residues. The Food Pesticide Residue Analysis Program (Para), to which Terra had access, shows that 36% of the samples analyzed in 2011 and 29% of the 2012 samples showed irregularities.
The survey establishes two types of irregularities, one when the sample contains pesticides above the permitted Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) and another when the sample has pesticide residues not authorized for the food surveyed. Of the unsatisfactory samples, about 30% refer to pesticides that are being reevaluated by Anvisa.
Anvisa analyzed 3,293 samples from 13 monitored foods: pineapple, lettuce, rice, carrot, beans, orange, apple, papaya, strawberry, cucumber, bell pepper, tomato and grape. The choice of foods was based on consumption data obtained by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the availability of these foods in supermarkets in the Federal District and in the States and the use profile of pesticides in these foods.
According to Anvisa, at least two pesticides that were never registered in Brazil were detected in the samples: azaconazole and tebufempirade. "This suggests that the products may have smuggled into Brazil," the agency says.